Secondary Scale Degrees – Music Theory

We use Roman numeral analysis to express our chord progressions.  Scale degrees are based on a piece’s home key.  But what happens when we want to introduce chord progressions that utilize different keys within the same piece?  To do that, we use “secondary scale degrees.” Let’s use an example from Bach’s C Major prelude (BWV 846.) … Read moreSecondary Scale Degrees – Music Theory

Fugue #2 in C-Minor Analysis – BWV 847 – Well Tempered Clavier Book 1

Measures 1 and 2 Fugue subject begin in alto in C Harmonic minor. Measure 3 Subject enters in soprano as tonal answer.  We observe our E flat as minor tonality along with Major 3rd B and Major 7th F# for G harmonic major.  Alto continues as countersubject. Measure 1 Subject/Countersubject 1 continue in G harmonic … Read moreFugue #2 in C-Minor Analysis – BWV 847 – Well Tempered Clavier Book 1

Harmonic Function – Music Theory

Scale degree’s chords can play different functions in music. Functionality can be broken down into three types: Tonic, Predominant and Dominant functions. Most music is an “all roads lead to Rome” system with the Tonic eventually terminating at the Dominant. There aren’t necessarily set rules as to which degrees fill these functions.  There are, however, … Read moreHarmonic Function – Music Theory

Chord Progressions – Music Theory

Chord progressions are the way chords move in a piece of music.  We use Roman numeral analysis to define our chords based on our key’s scale degrees. In Western music, the most fundamental chord progression is the tonic moving to the dominant or dominant-like chord then returning home to the tonic.  Most music we hear … Read moreChord Progressions – Music Theory

Scale Degree Chords with Roman Numeral Analysis – Music Theory

Major and minor scales each have 7 degrees and thus 7 different chords associated with them.  Each degree’s chord offers a harmonic function in a piece of music.  Chord progressions are created using these chords. The scale degrees of a scale are numbered 1 through 7 but are also known by these names: 1 – … Read moreScale Degree Chords with Roman Numeral Analysis – Music Theory